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WHOLE SCHOOL POLICY FOR SAFEGUARDING

& CHILD PROTECTION

 

Roselyn House School/ The RHISE Service

 

 

The purpose of this safeguarding policy is to ensure every child/ young person who is a registered student at Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service is safe and protected from harm.  The Department for Education (DfE) ‘Keeping Children Safe in Education’ (September 2020), states safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined for the purposes of this guidance as :

 

  • Protecting children and young people at our school from maltreatment;
  • Preventing impairment of our children’s and young people’s mental and physical health or development;
  • Ensuring that children and young people at our school grow up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care; and
  • Taking action to enable children/ young people at our school to have the best outcomes.

 

This policy will give clear direction to all stakeholders about expectations and our legal responsibility to safeguard and promote the welfare of all children/ young people at our school.

 

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service fully recognises the contribution it can make to protect children/ young people from harm and to support and promote the welfare of all children/ young people who are registered students at our school.  This policy applies to all stakeholders; students, staff, parents/ carers, Directors of KS Education Limited, volunteers and visitors.

 

No single professional can have a full picture of a child’s needs and circumstances. If children and families have the right help at the right time, everyone who comes into contact with them has a role to play in identifying concerns, sharing information and taking prompt action.

 

This policy should be read in conjunction with the School's Safeguarding Portfolio.

 

The Children Act 1989 and 2004, states a child is anyone who has not yet reached their 18th birthday. The commitment to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children however will extend to all children who are known to our school along with our students.

 

 

KEY AREA

 

Covid- 19

Keeping Children Safe in Education (KCSIE) 2020 remains in force throughout the response to the coronavirus (Covid-19). However, Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service recognises that further measures or adaptations to current policies and procedures may be required in response to the pandemic. Any such measures will be detailed and communicated through addendums to the policy, when necessary, and shared with all stakeholders. Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service will continue to follow up to date Government Guidance.

Statutory Guidance

  • Education Act 2002: Section 175 of the Education Act 2002 requires local education authorities and the governors of maintained schools and further education (FE) colleges to make arrangements to ensure that their functions are carried out with a view to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children.
  • Section 157 of the same act and the Education (Independent Schools Standards) (England) Regulations 2003 require proprietors of independent schools (including academies and city technology colleges) to have arrangements to safeguard and promote the welfare of children who are students at the school.
  • Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018 sets out organisational responsibilities for schools and colleges and this applies to maintained, independent, academies, free schools and alternative non provision academies
  • Keeping Children Safe in Education 2020: Statutory guidance for schools and colleges 2020 was issued under Section 175 of the Education Act 2002, the Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014 and the Education (Non-Maintained Special Schools) (England) Regulations 2011. This contains information on what schools and colleges should do and sets out the legal duties with which schools must comply
  • What to do if you are worried a child is being abused
  • Guidance for Safer Working Practice (with Addendum April 2020)
  • The Children Act 1989
  • The Children Act 2004
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19): safeguarding in schools, colleges and other providers

Ethos

Roselyn House School recognises that high self-esteem, confidence, peer support and clear lines of communication with trusted adults helps all children, especially those at risk of, or suffering abuse. We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff, volunteers and the Directors of KS Education Limited contribute to an ethos where children feel secure and safe
  • ALL children have opportunities to communicate and know that they are listened to
  • ALL children's wishes, feelings and views will be taken into account when decisions are being made about how to keep them safe
  • ALL children know that they can communicate with any adult in school if they are worried or in difficulty
  • ALL staff, volunteers and Directors of KS Education Limited will contribute to providing a curriculum which will equip children with the skills they need to stay safe and be able to communicate when they do not feel safe.
  • ALL staff, volunteers and Directors of KS Education Limited will contribute to providing a curriculum which will help children develop an attitude which will enable them to enter adulthood successfully and reach their full potential.
  • ALL staff, volunteers and Directors of KS Education Limited will establish effective, supportive and positive relationships with parents, carers, students and professionals.

Roles & Responsibilities

 

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service are committed to providing the relevant personnel with clear and explicit roles and responsibilities to ensure accountability when safeguarding children. We therefore ensure that:

 

All adults, including volunteers, working in or on behalf of the school will:

  • Demonstrate an understanding that safeguarding is everyone's responsibility
  • Maintain and demonstrate a mind set of "it could happen here"
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to keep and ensure that children are protected from harm; whilst following up to date Government and Public Health guidelines in order to keep them safe.
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children are protected from harm
  • ALL staff are fully aware of the importance of mental health in relation to safeguarding and are aware of the addition of mental health in the definition of safeguarding as outlined in the definition above
  • ALL staff should also be aware that mental health problems can, in some cases, be an indicator that a child has suffered or is at risk of suffering abuse, neglect or exploitation
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children grow up in circumstances consistent with safe and effective care
  • Do all they can within the capacity of their role, to ensure that children have the best outcomes
  • Report cases of suspected abuse to the DSL. This will be done as soon as possible using the school's agreed format on CPoms. This is accessible via telephone and PC and continues to support our working whether staff are in school or not.
  • Report lower level concerns to the DSL using the school's agreed format on CPoms
  • Monitor all students, particularly those that are deemed vulnerable
  • Report any concerns regarding adults conduct to the DSL or Headteacher
  • All staff, if they have concerns, should be acted on immediately and should always speak to the DSL or Deputy DSL’s, early information sharing is vital in keeping children safe. In exceptional circumstances staff will consider speaking to a member of SLT or Children's Social Care to discuss safeguarding concerns if the DSL is not immediately available as all staff are aware that ANYBODY can make a referral.
  • All staff should be aware of the process for making referrals to Children’s Social Care and for statutory assessments under the Children Act 1989, especially section 17 (children in need) and section 47 (a child suffering, or likely to suffer, significant harm) that may follow a referral, along with the role they might be expected to play in such assessments.
  • All meetings will continue to take place with Children’s Social Care via Skype, TEAMS or telephone.

 

The Directors of KS Education Limited will:

  • Ensure that the policies, procedures and training in Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service are effective and comply with the law at all times; continuing to update where necessary in line with Government/ Public Health guidelines
  • Ensure that safeguarding policies and procedures are followed by all staff and send updates to staff when applied.
  • Put in place safeguarding responses in cases where children go missing from education
  • Appoint a DSL and back-ups and ensure that they are provided with appropriate support, funding, resources and time to carry out their role.
  • Ensure the school and sixth form contributes to inter-agency working in line with statutory guidance Working together to safeguard children 2018
  • Ensure that safeguarding procedures take into account local guidance including Risk Management Toolkit and Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance
  • Ensure that staff members undergo safeguarding training at induction. This will continue to be accessible online
  • Ensure that DSLs and all staff, volunteers and Directors are trained and updated regarding safeguarding regularly in compliance with Keeping Children safe In Education 2020
  • Ensure that children are safe online by ensuring that appropriate filters and monitoring systems are in place
  • Ensure that safeguarding is embedded within the curriculum
  • Prevent people who pose a risk of harm from working with children
  • Ensure there are procedures in place to manage allegations against teachers, headteachers, principals, volunteers and other staff including supply staff
  • Ensure staff in school are aware of, and policies reflect, an understanding of specific issues such as peer on peer abuse and safeguarding children with disabilities and special educational needs. It is important to remind ourselves that even when students aren’t in school, peer on peer abuse can take place.
  • Ensure that all practice and procedures operate with the best interests of the child at their heart
  • Ensure that all staff are aware of safeguarding issues and vulnerabilities associated with CLA

 

The DSLs will:

 

Be fully familiar with the role of DSL as detailed in Keeping Children Safe in Education 2020, Annex B and adhere to this role. This includes but is not conclusive to :-

  • take lead responsibility for safeguarding and child protection
  • act as a point of contact with the 3 safeguarding partners
  • manage referrals to Children's Social Care, Police and other agencies including Channel and Encompass
  • work together with other agencies in order to improve outcomes for children
  • attend DSL training every 2 years
  • undertake Prevent awareness training
  • update their skills and knowledge on a regular basis, but at least annually
  • raise awareness of safeguarding throughout school and act as a point of support for all staff
  • ensure that this policy is reviewed annually and is available publicly
  • maintain, update and amend the school's safeguarding portfolio regularly
  • ensure that parents/carers are aware of schools responsibilities regarding safeguarding and child protection. A copy of this Policy will be made available on the school website and sent to Parents/Carers
  • maintain accurate safeguarding records that are stored securely
  • be available during school hours
  • arrange cover of DSL role for any out of hours/out of term activities
  • represent school in multi-agency meetings
  • be provided with appropriate support and supervision in order to carry out the role safely and effectively. DSL’s continue to have regular supervision with each other via Skype/ TEAMS
  • understand relevant data protection legislation and regulations, especially the Data Protection Act 2018 and the General Data Protection Regulation;
  • take a holistic view to ensure wider environmental factors are considered which may be a threat to safety and welfare of children (Contextual Safeguarding)
  • be responsible for the sharing of child protection files when a child moves to a new school or college
  • liaise with the Local Authority Personal Advisors for any Care Leavers
  • Note- Deputy DSL’s should be trained to the equivalent standard as DSL’s

Induction, Training & Updates

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service is committed to providing staff and volunteers with the skills and knowledge needed to safeguard children. We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers will receive Safeguarding Training on induction using Roselyn House School’s Induction Pack which includes Keeping Children Safe in Education (Part One), Guidance for Safer Working Practice, Code of Conduct and Whistleblowing Policy.
  • Staff induction must include Child Protection Policy, Staff Behaviour Policy, Role of the DSL and Deputies, Student Behaviour Policy and Safeguarding response to children who go missing from education
  • ALL staff and volunteers will receive Safeguarding Training annually
  • the DSL/s will provide ALL staff, volunteers and Directors with regular safeguarding updates
  • ALL staff, volunteers and Directors will read and show an understanding of any updates that are provided. This Policy with updated Guidance will be shared with all staff and Directors
  • DSLs will attend DSL training every 2 years
  • DSLs will update their knowledge, skills and understanding of relevant safeguarding issues on a regular basis
  • The DSL will undertake Prevent awareness training
  • At least one member of staff and one Director will attend Safer Recruitment Training. This will be renewed at least every 5 years
  • ALL staff, volunteers and Directors will undertake any additional training on matters such as Child Sexual Exploitation, Prevent, Peer on Peer abuse, Online Safety, FGM etc as is deemed necessary by the SLT/DSL and that is particularly relevant to the context and needs of the setting
  • any staff member will discuss any specific training requirements or gaps in knowledge or understanding with the DSL/s
  • Detailed records will be held of staff safeguarding training.

Child Protection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roselyn House School is committed to PREVENTING abuse, PROTECTING children from abuse and SUPPORTING those involved in cases of abuse. We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand the importance of teaching children how to keep themselves safe from all types of abuse
  • ALL staff and volunteers seek out opportunities that are relevant to their role, to teach children the skills to keep themselves safe
  • ALL staff and volunteers make and maintain positive and supportive relationships with children which enable children to feel safe and valued
  • Safeguarding has a high status throughout school by being on the agenda at staff meetings/briefings, information being readily available on notice boards, regular updates
  • ALL staff feel confident in approaching DSLs to raise concerns
  • ALL staff and volunteers have an understanding of the four categories of abuse; NEGLECT, EMOTIONAL ABUSE, SEXUAL ABUSE, PHYSICAL ABUSE
  • We will use Lancashire’s Neglect Strategy 2019 and accompanying toolkit to identify and assess children whose developmental needs are being insufficiently met at an early stage, placing them at risk of achieving poor educational, emotional and social outcomes
  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that there are other ways in which children can be abused such as; Online, Child Sexual Exploitation, Female Genital Mutilation, Honour Based Violence, Radicalisation, Trafficking, Slavery, Peer Abuse, Forced Marriage and others
  • ALL staff and volunteers have the knowledge, skills and expertise to recognise the signs and symptoms of all types of abuse
  • All staff, if they have concerns, these should be acted on immediately: early information sharing being vital in keeping children safe. In exceptional circumstances staff should consider speaking to a member of SLT or Children's Social Care to discuss safeguarding concerns if the DSL is not immediately available
  • DSLs keep up to date with emerging and specific safeguarding issues and update training and the School's Safeguarding Portfolio accordingly
  • DSLs update staff and volunteers knowledge and understanding of such issues in order for them to be able to identify children who are at risk of such specific safeguarding issues
  • ALL staff and volunteers will maintain and demonstrate an attitude of "it can happen here"
  • ALL staff and volunteers are child-centred in their practice and act in the best interests of the child at all times
  • ALL staff recognise and understand that behaviour can be a child's way of communicating distress and changes to behaviour may be an indicator of abuse
  • ALL staff and volunteers have the skills to respond appropriately and sensitively to disclosures or allegations of abuse
  • ALL staff and volunteers report cases of suspected abuse to the DSL. This will be done as soon as possible using the school's agreed format on CPoms
  • Where a child is at risk of immediate harm, ALL staff understand that they must refer to the Police or Children's Social Care
  • ALL staff and visitors know how to refer to Children's Social Care
  • DSLs will make a Section 47 referral to Children's Social Care where a child is in need of protection, has been significantly harmed or is at risk of significant harm, using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and Risk Management Toolkit to determine whether this threshold has been met
  • This referral will be done by telephone and followed with a CSC Referral Form as soon as possible
  • Consent from parents/carers and child (if age appropriate) will be sought prior to this referral, except where this will cause delay or place anyone at risk
  • Where consent is not given, parents and carers are informed that a referral will still be made, except where this will cause delay or place anyone at risk
  • DSLs adhere to policy, procedures and guidance from Lancashire Children’s Safeguarding Assurance Partnership ( Formally Lancashire Safeguarding Children’s Board) with regard to sharing information
  • DSLs contribute to Strategy Discussions, Strategy Meetings, Initial and Review Child Protection Conferences, Core Group Meetings and other CP meetings.
  • DSLs or a member of SLT, will attend CP meetings, produce and present reports, liaise with staff, work with parents/carers, work with other agencies and ensure the voice of the child is evidenced throughout these processes
  • DSLs meet regularly to ensure that decisions made about children who are subjects of CP Plans are agreed and a clear rationale for the decision is documented
  • A copy of the child's CP Plan is included in the child's individual safeguarding file.
  • ALL staff and volunteers will support victims of abuse in a capacity that is relevant to their role. This will be determined by the DSL
  • DSLs will determine what information staff members need to know in order to safeguard and support children. This may be different information for different staff
  • Staff are offered appropriate support and/or supervision that is relevant to their role or involvement in particular cases
  • Communication and work with parents and carers will always be undertaken in a supportive manner and in the best interests of the child. This will follow guidance and social distancing. Most likely via telephone and email
  • ALL staff understand that children who perpetrate abuse or display harmful behaviour should be treated as victims first and foremost and supported in the same way a victim of abuse would be supported
  • Specific programmes of work and support are offered to children and families who are vulnerable
  • Risk Assessments will be undertaken where a child's behaviour poses a risk to others, themselves or the environment

Child in Need

Roselyn House School is committed to ensuring the appropriate level of support is offered to a "Child in Need" and their family. We therefore ensure that:

  • DSLs will make a Section 17 referral to Children's Social Care where Early Help has not been successful in reducing risk and meeting unmet needs using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and CSC referral form
  • DSLs will make a Section 17 referral to Children's Social Care where there is evidence that the Level 3 threshold has been met on the Continuum of Need
  • this will be determined and assessed by the DSL using the Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and the Risk Management Toolkit
  • DSLs will obtain parental consent for the referral and for information to be shared, prior to contacting Children's Social Care
  • when consent is not given, DSLs will continue to offer Early Help with consent, gather evidence of engagement or lack thereof, disguised compliance, impact on the child, increase in risk or level of unmet need, improvements or deteriorations
  • DSLs will review such cases regularly and assess whether there is evidence that meets Level 4 threshold on the Continuum of Need. In such cases Child Protection Procedures will be followed
  • DSLs, or other appropriate member of SLT, will contribute to Child in Need Meetings and Reviews via Telephone or Skype.
  • DSLs, or other appropriate member of SLT, will attend CiN meetings, produce and present reports, liaise with staff, work with parents, work with other agencies and ensure the voice of the child is evidenced throughout these processes
  • DSLs will meet regularly to ensure that decisions made about children who are subjects of CiN Plans are agreed and a clear rationale for the decision is documented
  • a copy of the child's CiN Plan is included in the child's individual safeguarding file. This should also be recorded on CPoms.

Early Help

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service are committed to providing our families with the right help at the right time.

 

Any child may benefit from early help, but all school and sixth form staff should be particularly alert to the potential need for early help for a child who:

 

  • is disabled and has specific additional needs;
  • has special educational needs (whether or not they have a statutory education, health and care plan);
  • is a young carer;
  • is showing signs of being drawn in to anti-social or criminal behaviour, including gang involvement and association with organised crime groups;
  • is frequently missing/goes missing from care or from home;
  • is misusing drugs or alcohol themselves;
  • is at risk of modern slavery, trafficking or exploitation;
  • is in a family circumstance presenting challenges for the child, such as substance abuse, adult mental health problems or domestic abuse;
  • has returned home to their family from care;
  • is showing early signs of abuse and/or neglect;
  • is at risk of being radicalised or exploited;
  • is a privately fostered child
  • any other identified reason not listed above that requires extra support or intervention to improve outcomes for families and children including mental health support

We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers can identify the risk factors that indicate a family or student may benefit from Early Help
  • ALL staff and volunteers will use the school's agreed format for letting the DSL know about Early Help requirements
  • DSLs will undertake a CAF assessment, when appropriate, to identify what Early Help is required
  • DSLs will signpost and refer to appropriate support agencies
  • DSLs will lead on TAF meetings where is it appropriate for them to do so
  • DSL’s will utilise Children and Family Wellbeing Service using the Request for Support Form
  • DSLs will refer to CSC where Early Help has not been successful in reducing risk and meeting unmet needs using Lancashire Continuum of Need and Thresholds Guidance and CSC referral form
  • DSLs will utilise Children and Family Wellbeing Service using the Request for Support form
  • DSLs and other identified staff will identify and work with any organisations that are relevant in meeting the needs of students and their families
  • DSLs and other identified staff will initiate and maintain positive and supportive relationships with parents and carers of children who may benefit from Early Help
  • DSLs or appropriately trained school staff will generally be the lead for Early Help cases if this is in the best interests of the family.
 

Specific Safeguarding

 

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service is committed to keeping our children safe from specific forms of abuse.

 

We will formulate risk management plans where required using the guidance from Lancashire County Council.

 

We will ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that there are specific and emerging ways in which children can be abused, and are aware of these specific issues, reporting any concerns, in the appropriate manner to the DSL. Specific issues include (but are not limited to):

Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and forms of extremism, there is no single way of identifying an individual who is likely to be susceptible to an extremist ideology.

  • Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service recognises that protection from extremism and radicalisation is a vital element of safeguarding
  • ALL staff and volunteers will have 'due regard to the need to prevent people from being drawn into terrorism’, known as the ‘Prevent Duty’
  • Prevent safeguarding Lead – Rachel Smith
  • Prevent Director Lead – Sharon Damerall
  • ALL staff and volunteers will have a general understanding of how to identify a child who may be at risk of radicalisation
  • ALL staff and volunteers will use professional judgement in identifying children who might be at risk of radicalisation and act proportionately
  • The school E-Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access terrorist and extremist material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place
  • DSLs understand when it is appropriate to make a referral to the Channel Panel and are aware of how to do so

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) involves exploitative situations, contexts and relationships where young people may receive something (e.g. food, accommodation, drugs, alcohol, gifts or simply affection) as a result of engaging in sexual activities. The perpetrator will not only groom the victim (possibly over a long period of time) but will always hold some kind of power which increases as the exploitative relationship develops. Sexual exploitation involves a degree of coercion, intimidation or enticement, including unwanted pressures from peers to have sex, sexual bullying including on line bullying (cyberbullying) and grooming. It is important to recognise that some young people who are being sexually exploited do not exhibit any external signs of this abuse.

  • The school curriculum (whereby sexual relationships/PSHE/SEAL is delivered) will include relevant information around the risks associated with CSE
  • The school E-Safety Policy will ensure the safety of children by ensuring they cannot access inappropriate material when using the internet and that suitable filtering software is in place

 

Child Criminal Exploitation is a form of child abuse. It occurs where an individual or

group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, control, manipulate or

deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into any criminal activity:-

 

(a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or

(b) for the financial or other advantage of the perpetrator or facilitator and/or

(c) through violence or the threat of violence. Child criminal exploitation does not always

involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology. CCE:-

 

  • can affect any child or young person (male or female) under the age of 18 years
  • can affect any vulnerable adult over the age of 18 years
  • can still be exploitation even if the activity appears consensual
  • can involve force and/or enticement-based methods of compliance and is often accompanied by violence or threats of violence
  • can be perpetrated by individuals or groups, males or females, and young people or adults; and
  • is typified by some form of power imbalance in favour of those perpetrating the exploitation. Whilst age may be the most obvious, this power imbalance can also be due to a range of other factors including gender, cognitive ability, physical strength, status, and access to economic or other resources.

 

Criminal exploitation of children can include County Lines. This is a geographically

widespread form of harm that is a typical feature of county lines criminal activity: drug

networks or gangs groom and exploit children and young people to carry drugs and

money from urban areas to suburban and rural areas, market and seaside towns or

move drugs from A to B. Key to identifying potential involvement in county lines are

missing episodes, when the victim may have been trafficked for the purpose of

transporting drugs and a referral to the National Referral Mechanism should be

considered in addition to normal safeguarding procedures.

Honour Based Violence (HBV) Honour based abuse is a collection of practices used to control behaviour within families in order to protect perceived cultural and religious beliefs and/or honour. Violence or abuse can occur when perpetrators perceive that a relative has shamed the family and/or community by breaking their honour code.

 

Forced Marriage is one whereby one or both parties do not consent to marriage but are forced to do so through violence, threats or any form of coercion. Schools play an important role in safeguarding children from being forced to marry.

Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is encompassed within the term Honour Based Abuse:

  • ALL staff and volunteers are aware of the "one chance rule" and will report all cases of suspected Honour Based Violence to the DSL immediately
  • FGM is illegal in the UK and a form of child abuse with long-lasting harmful consequences
  • ALL staff need to be alert to the possibility of when a female student may be at risk of FGM or when it may have been conducted on them
  • Whilst all staff should speak to the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) with regard to any concerns about female genital mutilation (FGM), there is a specific legal duty on teachers. If a teacher, in the course of their work in the profession, discovers that an act of FGM appears to have been carried out on a girl under the age of 18, or there are concerns this may be about to happen, the teacher must report this to the police.

Modern Slavery The Modern Slavery Act 2015 places a new statutory duty on public authorities, including schools, to notify the National Crime Agency (NCA) (section 52 of the Act) on observing signs or receiving intelligence relating to modern slavery. The public authority (including schools) bears this obligation where it has ‘reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be a victim of slavery or human trafficking’. 

  • Staff must be aware of the above and contact the DSL should they suspect or receive information that either parents or their children may be victims of modern slavery. The DSL should then contact the NCA and follow their normal safeguarding procedures

 

Peer on Peer Abuse (including sexual violence and harassment) occurs when a young person is exploited, bullied and / or harmed by their peers who are the same or similar age; everyone directly involved in peer on peer abuse is under the age of 18.

 

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service will refer to specific guidance in Keeping Children Safe in Education Part five: Child on Child Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment.

 

This is most likely to include, but may not be limited to:

  • bullying (including cyberbullying);
  • physical abuse such as hitting, kicking, shaking, biting, hair pulling, or otherwise causing physical harm;
  • sexual violence and sexual harassment;
  • sexting (also known as youth produced sexual imagery); and
  • initiation/hazing type violence and rituals
  • This will also include Upskirting. It typically involves taking a photograph under a person’s clothing without them knowing, with the intention of viewing their genitals or buttocks for sexual gratification or causing humiliation, distress or alarm.
  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that children can abuse other children
  • ALL staff and volunteers will inform the DSL of suspected peer abuse and record in line with schools recording policy on CPoms or by the use of Bullying Incident sheets
  • Peer on peer abuse will be taken as seriously as any other form of abuse
  • All staff understand that abuse is abuse and should never be tolerated or passed off as “banter”, “just having a laugh” or “part of growing up
  • All staff will understand that students with SEND are more prone to peer group isolation and school will have extra pastoral support to address this. 
  • Physical abuse between peers will be managed under the school's Behaviour Policy
  • Emotional abuse between peers will be managed under the school's Anti-Bullying Policy
  • Harmful sexual behaviour will be identified and managed using the Brook Traffic Light Tool and with support and guidance from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer
  • Sexting –(See specific guidance below)
  • In cases of suspected or actual peer on peer abuse a risk assessment will be undertaken and appropriate and proportionate control measures put in place to manage and reduce risk
  • DSLs understand that regarding peer on peer abuse, the victim and the perpetrator are likely to have unmet needs and require support and assessment to determine these.
  • The DSL will assess on a case-by-case basis, supported by children’s social care and the police if required to ensure the most appropriate response for the children / young people involved. 

 

The DSL will consider:

  • the wishes of the victim in terms of how they want to proceed
  • the nature of the alleged incident
  • the ages of the children involved
  • the development stages of the children involved
  • any power imbalance between the children
  • is the incident a one-off or a sustained pattern of abuse
  • are there ongoing risks to the victim, other children, school or college staff
  • contextual safeguarding issues

 

Following a report of sexual violence, the designated safeguarding lead (or deputy) will make an immediate risk and needs assessment, considering:

 

• the victim

• the alleged perpetrator

• all other children (and if appropriate adult students and staff).

 

Risk assessments will be recorded and kept under review as a minimum termly.

 

Further detailed guidance on Child on Child Sexual Violence and Sexual harassment is found in Keeping Children Safe in Education 2020, Part 5.)

 

Domestic abuse is any incident or pattern of incidents of controlling, coercive, threatening behaviour, violence or abuse between those aged 16 and over who are, or have been, intimate partners or family members regardless of gender of sexuality. The abuse can encompass, but is not limited to:

  • Psychological
  • Physical
  • Sexual
  • Financial
  • Emotional

 

Exposure to domestic abuse and/ or violence can have a serious, long lasting emotional and psychological impact on children. In some case, a child may blame themselves for the abuse or may have had to leave the family home as a result.

 

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand what domestic abuse is and the potential impact upon children and how this might be displayed.

 

The DSLs will: -

 

  • Ensure that the school has suitably trained Key Adult/s in order to fulfil its
  • obligations under Operation Encompass
  • Ensure that the school’s commitment to Operation Encompass is known throughout the school community via the means of staff training, parental letters, posters and the school website
  • School will provide an overview of Operation Encompass with the names of the Op Encompass leads and a link to the Op Encompass website

(https://www.operationencompass.org/)

 

Children Missing from Education can be a potential sign of abuse or neglect including sexual exploitation, child criminal exploitation, undergoing female genital mutilation, forced marriage or travelling to conflict zones.

 

  • ALL staff and volunteers follow school procedures when a child misses education particularly on repeat occasions to help identify the risk of abuse and neglect
  • The school Attendance Policy is up to date, reviewed annually and includes reference to CME and procedures followed in the case of children missing or who have attendance concerns
  • There is an admissions policy and an attendance register
  • The Local Authority is informed of any student who fails to attend school regularly, or has been absent without the schools permission for a continuous period of 10 school days or more
  • Where reasonably possible Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service should hold more than one emergency contact number for our students
  • All staff will be aware that children going missing from education can be a warning sign of safeguarding considerations and act on these in line with the policy

Sexting is defined as the production and/or sharing of sexual photos and videos of and by young people who are under the age of 18. (UKCCIS, 2016), It includes nude or nearly nude images and/or sexual acts. It is also referred to as ‘youth produced sexual imagery’. ‘Sexting’ does not include the sharing of sexual photos and videos of under-18 year olds with or by adults. This is a form of child sexual abuse and must be referred to the police.

  • School staff are aware of how to manage sexting incidents and must pass on any incidents or concerns to the DSL
  • School staff are aware that they should never view, download or share the imagery, or ask a child to share or download – this is illegal
  • If staff have already viewed the imagery by accident (e.g. if a young person has showed it to them before they could ask them not to), report this to the DSL
  • Staff will not delete the imagery or ask the young person to delete it.
  • Staff will not ask the young person(s) who are involved in the incident to disclose information regarding the imagery. This is the responsibility of the DSL
  • Staff will keep details of the incident confidential, reporting this to the DSL
  • Staff are mindful not to do anything to blame or shame any young people involved
  • The incident will be followed up by the DSL or Deputies and follow appropriate guidelines as set in (UKCCIS, 2016).
  • If the DSL/ SLT must view the images, this should be discussed and done so in a private space and the reasoning behind this must be logged on the incident report.

Contextual safeguarding Safeguarding incidents and/or behaviours can be associated with factors outside the school or sixth form and/or can occur between children outside the school or sixth form. All staff, but especially the designated safeguarding lead (and deputies) should be considering the context within which such incidents and/or behaviours occur. This is known as contextual safeguarding, which simply means assessments of children should consider whether wider environmental factors are present in a child’s life that are a threat to their safety and/or welfare. Children’s social care assessments should consider such factors so it is important that schools and colleges provide as much information as possible as part of the referral process. This will allow any assessment to consider all the available evidence and the full context of any abuse.

The Covid-19 Pandemic has increased issues surrounding Mental Health and students and families are finding it difficult to follow Government guidance. Families are struggling that they are unable to access support from outside agencies and other family members and friends as they previously could. Families are struggling financially.

Other vulnerable categories

  • All staff will have read Annex A of Keeping Children Safe in Education and be aware of specific forms of abuse and safeguarding issues and vulnerable groups of children including;
  • Children in the Court system;
  • Children with family members in prison
  • Child Criminal Exploitation
  • Homelessness

For all specific safeguarding issues, DSLs will seek advice from LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer  or MASH Education Officers and follow national and local guidance that can be accessed in the School's Safeguarding Portfolio:

(Please see Annex 1 for Children in Specific Circumstances.)

 

Online Safety

 

 

Roselyn House School is committed to keeping students safe online. We therefore ensure that:

  • ALL staff and volunteers understand that children can be harmed online via hurtful and abusive messages, enticing children to engage in age inappropriate conversations, sharing and production of indecent images or encouraging risk taking behaviour
  • The school’s E-Safety Policy details how we keep students safe when using the internet and mobile technology
  • Online bullying by students, via texts and emails, will be treated as seriously as any other type of bullying and will be managed through our Anti-bullying / Behaviour Policy
  • There is a clear and explicit procedure for dealing with mobile phones that are brought into school by children
  • DfE advice; Searching, Screening and Confiscation is followed where there is a need to search a student for a mobile device. This currently does not apply and we should not search.
  • When school become aware of an online safety issue that has occurred outside of school, it is managed in accordance with the school E-Safety Policy
  • The school has appropriate filters and monitoring systems in place regarding use of internet (3G and 4G) in school on school supplied devices ie mobile phones. these should be detailed in the Online Safety Policy

Record Keeping

 

Roselyn House School is committed to recording all matters relating to the welfare of children in a relevant format. We therefore ensure that:

  • DSLs will create and maintain accurate safeguarding records
  • there is an agreed format for reporting all matters relating to child wellbeing, from an early help requirement to a disclosure of abuse in line with LCC Policy
  • ALL staff use the agreed format for passing on concerns
  • concerns should be factual and evidence based
  • concerns should be entered onto CPoms with the correct headings to alert the DSLs
  • concerns should be passed directly to the DSL
  • ALL concern logs will be kept either in whole school safeguarding files or in an individual student safeguarding file or on CPoms
  • a student will have an individual safeguarding file when there has been a number of concerns, an offer of Early Help or the family is, or has been at Level 2 or above on the Continuum of Need
  • DSLs will record all discussions, decisions and rationale behind decisions and sharing of information in the child's records on CPoms
  • DSLs will record evidence of child's wishes, professional challenge, offers of early help and multi-agency working on CPoms
  • when individual students are discussed during staff meetings, such as supervision, staff updates or risk assessments etc. student information should be anonymised or stored in a secure manner
  • all safeguarding records will be stored securely in a locked room in a locked cabinet
  • only DSLs and other named staff will have access to safeguarding records
  • a student's safeguarding file will be transferred, in its entirety, to the educational establishment where the child moves to, unless there is ongoing legal action..
  • the safeguarding file will be hand delivered to the DSL at the receiving school. If this is not possible, the safeguarding file will be sent by recorded delivery.
  • a receipt will be obtained at time of transfer and the responsibility for the safeguarding records will pass to the receiving school.

 

Information Sharing

Schools should not provide pupils' education data where the serious harm test under the GDPR and Data Protection Act 2018 legislation is met. This means that schools should withhold education data under the GDPR where the serious harm test is satisfied. An example of which may be where a child is in a refuge.

This exemption is specific to subject access requests - the change does not impact the need to share safeguarding information with other agencies, eg Children's Services.

  • the educational establishment where the student attends at statutory school leaving age (18) will securely retain the safeguarding records until the child's 25th birthday. Safeguarding records will then be destroyed securely
  • advice will be sought from legal services and/or Schools Safeguarding Officer if any staff are unclear about any aspects of safeguarding record keeping

Safer Recruitment

 

 

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service is committed to keeping students safe by ensuring that adults who work or volunteer in school are safe to do so. We therefore ensure that:

  • Human Resources guidance supported by Penninusla Business Services is adhered to, to ensure that there is a strong reference and commitment to safeguarding during advertisement, selection and recruitment of new staff
  • at least one Director and one staff member have attended Safer Recruitment Training in the last 5 years
  • there are at least 2 people on each selection panel and at least one person on every selection panel has attended Safer Recruitment Training
  • ALL staff will monitor the conduct of all adults who come into contact with children at school and report any concerns to the DSL, Headteacher or Directors as appropriate
  • relevant, proportionate and lawful checks are undertaken on all adults who regularly work at, or visit the school
  • a Single Central Record is kept of checks that are undertaken on all adults who regularly work at/or visit the school
  • HT should evidence regular (at least Termly) oversight/ scrutiny of the SCR
  • The Single Central Record is stored securely, and is kept in electronic format and on paper, and only accessed by the School Business Manager and Directors
  • evidence of staff members identity, required qualifications and the right to work in the UK will be kept in individual personnel files
  • Confirmation of verification checks will be obtained from agencies and other employers that provide staff to work in school to confirm that appropriate checks have been undertaken. Agencies will be requested to complete checklist
  • individual identity checks will be undertaken on those staff detailed above to ensure they are employees of the named agency/employer
  • a transfer of control agreement will be used where other agencies/organisations use school premises and are not operating under school's safeguarding policies and procedures

Managing allegations against staff

 

There are clear policies in line with those from the CSAP (Childrens Safeguarding Assurance Partnership) for dealing with allegations against people who work with children.

Such policies make a clear distinction between an allegation, a concern about the quality of care or practice or a complaint. An allegation may relate to a person who works with children who has:

  • Behaved in a way that has harmed a child, or may have harmed a child;
  • Possibly committed a criminal offence against or related to a child; or.
  • Behaved towards a child or children in a way that indicates they may pose a risk of harm to children
  • behaved or may have behaved in a way that indicates they may not be suitable to work with children.

Further information is available in Safeguarding Portfolio with LADO information and flow chart for how allegations are managed.

All staff at Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service are aware of these procedures and aware of the following expectations and protocol:-

  • ALL staff and volunteers are aware that they must refer allegations or concerns around staff (including supply staff) conduct to the Headteacher
  • ALL staff and volunteers are aware of the requirement to, and process of referring allegations or concerns around the Headteacher to the nominated Governor
  • The Headteacher and/or The Business Manager will discuss the allegation with the Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)
  • CSAP procedures for dealing with allegations against staff will be followed  

 

  •  

 

  • ALL staff and volunteers remember that the welfare of the child is paramount and that they have a duty to inform DSL / HT if any adult's conduct gives cause for

Concern.

  • All concerns of poor practice or possible child abuse by staff and volunteers should be reported to the DSL/HT
  • ALL staff are aware of the school’s Whistle Blowing Policy which enables staff to raise concerns or allegations in confidence and for a sensitive enquiry to take place
  • Staff are fully aware of Guidance for Safer Working Practice and Staff Code of conduct and are aware of professional expectations of their own behaviour and conduct.

Visitors

 

Roselyn House School is committed to keeping students safe by ensuring that visitors to school do not pose a risk to children at our school. We therefore ensure that:

  • visitors to school sign in and wear identification, visitor’s badge to indicate they have done so
  • ALL staff and children, where appropriate, will challenge visitors to school who are not wearing correct identification
  • visitors sign out and remove/hand in their identification when they leave the school
  • visitors are aware of who to speak to if they are worried about a child during their visit
  • visitors are accompanied during their visit, when children are present, unless they have undergone relevant checks and these are accepted and verified by DSL or headteacher
  • visitors will behave in a way that is compliant with the school's Code of Conduct
  • visitors will not use mobile phones or other similar electronic devices during their visit unless agreed by the headteacher or DSL
  • visitors will not initiate contact or conversations with students unless this is relevant and appropriate to the reason for their visit
  • when there are several visitors to the school at the same time (such as for an assembly etc) there will be adequate staff supervision of children and visitors. A risk assessment will be undertaken if deemed necessary or appropriate
  • when visitors are undertaking activities with children, content of the activity will be agreed with the headteacher or DSL, prior to the visit

 

Due to current guidelines, visitors will be kept to a minimum and only if necessary. They will be expected to follow social distancing, hand washing/ sanitising and face covering rules.

 

Cameras, Mobile Phones and Devices

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service is committed to keeping students safe by ensuring that electronic devices such as cameras, phones and tablets are used in an appropriate manner. School will therefore ensure that:

 

  • parental consent is obtained to take and use photographs and/or videos of children
  • parental consent is obtained for photographs to be taken by the media for use in relation to promoting or publishing the school
  • separate parental consent is obtained if any other agency requests to take photographs of any child
  • parental consent will be valid for 5 years but may be sought more regularly at the discretion of the headteacher
  • images will be uploaded to, and stored in a secure place for a relevant amount of time, this may be for longer than the child is at school if appropriate
  • photographs and videos of children are only taken to provide evidence of their achievements for developmental records or for other school related purposes
  • any photo’s taken on a mobile phone should be emailed to the appropriate email address where they will then be uploaded to the service’s secure system. They then should be deleted from personal phones.
  • the school's digital camera/s or memory cards must not leave the school setting unless this is agreed by the headteacher for official school business
  • photos are printed/uploaded in the setting by staff and once done images are  immediately removed from the cameras memory
  • parents are reminded frequently of the risks associated with posting images of children to social media
  • parents are reminded frequently that they are not permitted to distribute or post images that contain children other than their own
  • staff, volunteers and visitors will not use mobile phones in toilet or changing areas
  • The Headteacher will outline when and where staff, volunteers and visitors can use their mobile phones
  • ALL staff, volunteers and visitors will adhere to the above policies and failure to do so will be addressed appropriately by the headteacher and/or the Governing Body
  • Students' use of mobile phones and other devices will be managed under the school's Reasonable Use Policy within the E-Safety Policy
  • DFE Advice; Searching, Screening and Confiscation is followed where there is a need to search a student for a mobile device

Review Dates

Policy adopted by Roselyn House School on:

3rd March 2020

 

Policy updated 31st March in Line with DfE Safeguarding Guidance due to the Covid-19 Pandemic. This guidance was subject to change daily.

 

22nd September 2020

 

Policy to be reviewed no later than:

22nd September 2021

 

Key Personnel and Training Details

Designated Safeguarding Lead (DSL)

Sharon Damerall

 

Date DSL Training

Attended

17th January 2019

 

Deputy DSL

Back-up DSL

Rachel Smith

Kat Holmes

Jack Birkenhead

Tracy Higgins

Date DSL Training

Attended

17th January 2019

20th April 2018

Prevent Lead

Rachel Smith

Date Prevent/WRAP

training attended

01/03/2019

Headteacher

Sharon Damerall

Date safeguarding training attended (state type of training)

DSL Training

17th January 2019

 

Directors

 

Sharon Damerall

 

Date safeguarding training attended (state type of training)

DSL Training

17th January 2019

 

Useful Contacts

LCC Schools Safeguarding Officer

Victoria Wallace  01772 531196

CYPsafeeduc@lancashire.gov.uk

Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO)

Tim Booth / Shane Penn / Donna Green - 01772 536694

LADO.admin@lancashire.gov.uk

MASH Education Officers

Jenny Ashton 01772 531643

jennifer.ashton@lancashire.gov.uk

Matt Chipchase 01254 220989

matt.chipchase@lancashire.gov.uk

Children and Family

Wellbeing Service

CON2

The Children and Family Wellbeing Service (CFW)

offers support to children, young people age 0-19+yrs (0 -

25yrs for SEND) and their families across Lancashire.

Any agency can request access to this support for a

family or individual child by making a Request for

Support. Please note that a CAF (Early Help Assessment)

should be in place.

Lancashire Children's Social Care

0300 1236720

cypreferrals@lancashire.gov.uk

 

Anyone can raise a concern about the safety and welfare of a child by calling 0300 123 6720 (or between 5.00pm - 8.00am on 0300 123 6722.)*

Before you make contact with MASH you need to consider if the child or young person’s needs can be met by services from within your own agency, or by other professionals already involved with the family, including consideration to initiating a CAF (Early Help Assessment)  Where possible, share information with consent, and where possible, respect the wishes of those who do not consent to having their information shared. Under the GDPR and Data Protection Act 2018 you may share information without consent if, in your judgement, there is a lawful basis to do so, such as where safety may be at risk.

7 golden rules

Where the needs of the child meet Levels 3 and 4** of the Continuum of Need, professionals are advised to submit a referral form directly to Children's Social Care via the Multi Agency Safeguarding Hub

cypreferrals@lancashire.gov.uk

**Where there are immediate safeguarding concerns

about a child or young person (level 4 of the CON /

child protection), you should make direct contact with

MASH on the following number or the Police (999 in

an emergency) - and complete the referral form once

the immediate concerns have been addressed. If the

child you are concerned about already has an

allocated Social Worker go directly to this person by

contacting 0300 123 6720:

Whistleblowing

01772 532500

WhistleblowingComplaints@lancashire.gov.uk

 

 

 

 

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