Strep A & Scarlet Fever Information

                                                                                          8th December 2022                      


Dear Parents and Carers


I hope this letter finds you well,


I am sure you have heard in the Media of the rising cases of Scarlet Fever and Strep A across the country. We have now been sent guidance from the DfE and UKHSA. As a result of this, we are increasing our protective measures within school which will include:


  • Increased handwashing for students, staff and visitors
  • Recommended use of hand sanitiser stations
  • Wiping down of surfaces and touch points throughout the school day
  • Monitoring of CO2 monitors across whole school
  • Increased ventilation by the opening of higher-level windows


UKHSA is reporting an increased number of cases of Group A streptococcus (Strep A) compared to normal at this time of year. There is no evidence that a new strain is circulating and the increase is most likely related to high amounts of circulating bacteria and social mixing.


What are scarlet fever and Strep A?

Scarlet fever is caused by bacteria called Group A streptococci (Strep A). The bacteria usually causes a mild infection that can be easily treated with antibiotics.

In very rare occasions, the bacteria can get into the bloodstream and cause an illness called invasive Group A strep (iGAS).


What are the symptoms of Strep A/scarlet fever?

Strep A infections can cause a range of symptoms that parents should be aware of, including:

  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • A fine, pinkish or red body rash with a sandpapery feel
  • On darker skin the rash can be more difficult to detect visually but will have a sandpapery feel

If a child becomes unwell with these symptoms, please contact your GP practice or contact NHS 111 (which operates a 24/7 service) to seek advice.

If your child has scarlet fever, they should stay at home until at least 24 hours after the start of antibiotic treatment to avoid spreading the infection to others.  Trust your own judgement and if your child seems seriously unwell call 999 or go to A&E if:


  • a child is having difficulty breathing – you may notice grunting noises or their tummy sucking under their ribs
  • there are pauses when a child breathes
  • a child’s skin, tongue or lips are blue
  • a child is floppy and will not wake up or stay awake.

We have produced a Risk Assessment and are advised that if we have 2 or more scarlet fever cases within 10 days of each other, then we will work with UKHSA who will provide us with further guidance.


Many thanks for your time taken to read this letter and of course we will keep you informed of any further updates as we receive them.


Yours sincerely



Miss S Damerall









Assessment No:  RA029


Date: 8/12/2022


Task / Work Activity / Work Area Assessed:

Management of Infectious Diseases – Whole School

(Specific details for Scarlet Fever and Strep A)


People Involved In Making This Assessment:

Sharon Damerall – Headteacher

Rachel Smith – School Business Manager





Who May be Harmed

Control Measures

Existing controls

Spread of Infectious Diseases   

  • Staff
  • Students
  • Visitors
  • Contractors
  • Cleaners



Effective infection protection and control – minimise contact with individuals who are unwell

Hand washing - Clean hands thoroughly more than usual, ensure washing facilities are available for use, failing this, supply hand sanitiser, hand rub or skin friendly skin cleaning wipes to be used. 

Promote good respiratory hygiene, “CATCH IT, BIN IT, KILL IT” approach. Tissues will be made available throughout the school.

Discourage spitting.

Educate students on why respiratory hygiene is so important.

Clean frequently touched surfaces using standard products held in school such as detergents.


Headteacher to ensure we are up to date with  Government updates.

Students and staff updated as necessary, communication and consultation throughout the school community is key.

Display posters, leaflets and other materials. 

Parents are informed of hygiene expectations and for the need to communicate this message in the home environment.

All staff follow and regularly reiterate the hygiene message to pupils/students;

  • cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue
  • if you don’t have any tissues available, then cough and sneeze into the crook of your elbow
  • throw the tissue in a bin
  • avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands


All students are asked and reminded to wash their hands frequently.


In the event of a student having a diagnosis of Scarlet Fever or Strep A, they will be asked to remain home from school until 24 hours after they have started a course of antibiotics.


PPE can protect individuals from contamination with blood or bodily fluids, which may contain germs that spread disease. 

Aprons, masks, visors and anti-bacterial handwash available in both settings.

If there is a risk of splashing or contamination with blood or bodily fluids to the face, a fluid repellent facemask and eye protection should be worn. 

If there is a risk of splashing or contamination with blood or bodily fluids at any time, disposable gloves and aprons should be worn.

Hazardous waste bags available if needed for PPE. 

First Aid

If a student is unwell and awaiting collection, they should be supported in an appropriate and sensitive manner.


A window should be opened for fresh air ventilation if possible.


Appropriate PPE should also be used if close contact is necessary, further information on this can be found in the use of PPE in education, childcare and children’s social care settings guidance.


Any rooms used should be cleaned after they have left.




Where possible ensure good ventilation around the school and RHISE Centre (opening windows), this is to continue in colder months as much as possible.


Carbon dioxide monitors are in both buildings and readings monitored.


To balance the need for increased ventilation while maintaining a comfortable temperature, consider: 

-opening high level windows in colder weather in preference to low level to reduce draughts

-increasing the ventilation while spaces are unoccupied

-providing flexibility to allow additional, suitable indoor clothing

- rearranging furniture where possible to avoid direct draughts

Heating should be used as necessary to ensure comfort levels are maintained particularly in occupied spaces.

Annual H & S audits undertaken and completed.


Fire drills are undertaken and recorded

Dynamic risk assessments will be updated in line with new government guidance released. 




Staff will not report for work if feeling unwell

If capacity of staff cannot be achieved to keep the school open, then the Headteacher will communicate this


All students should attend school unless they are unwell.

If a student has been diagnosed with an infectious illness, the correct guidance will be followed dependant on the illness.



Safe management of blood and bodily fluids

Any spillages of blood, faeces, saliva, vomit or nasal discharges should be cleaned immediately wearing PPE.  Gloves and an apron should be used if you anticipate splashing and risk assess the need for facial and eye protection.

Take standard precautions when dealing with any cuts or abrasions that involve a break in the skin or bodily fluid spills



Safe management of waste (including sharps)

Any used PPE should be placed in a refuse bag and disposed of as normal domestic waste.   PPE should not be put in a recycling bin or dropped as litter.


Managing prevention of exposure to infection (including needlestick or sharps injuries and bites)

An exposure is an injury from a used needle or a bite which breaks the skin, and/or exposure of blood and bodily fluids onto:-

  • broken skin
  • the eyes, nose or mouth

Human mouths are inhabited by a wide variety of organisms, some of which can be transmitted by bites.   Human bites resulting in puncture or breaking of the skin are potential sources of exposure to blood borne infections, therefore it is essential they are dealt with as follows:-


If someone pricks or scratches themselves with a used hypodermic needler or has a bite which breaks the skin:-

-dispose of the needle in a sharps container to avoid the same thing happening to someone else.

- wash the wound thoroughly with soap and warm running water

- cover the wound with a waterproof dressing

- seek immediate medical attention or advice from local A&E Department or Occupational Health provider

-record it in the accident book and complete an accident form  


Retain good cleaning regimes of all facilities throughout the day and at the end of each day.


Frequently cleaning and disinfecting objects and surfaces that are touched regularly, particularly in areas of high use such as desks, door handles, light switches, welfare facilities, using appropriate cleaning products and methods.


Resources being utilised must be cleaned frequently.


Review cleaner company on regular basis to ensure high levels of service.


Deep cleans to take place each half term.

Hand sanitiser stations throughout Roselyn House School / The RHISE Centre

Promote good respiratory hygiene, “CATCH IT, BIN IT, KILL IT” approach. Tissues will be made available throughout the school.

Cleaning products readily available –tissues/gloves/bin bags/cloths/detergent sprays.  To be used in activity transition time to clean surfaces etc. 

All students are asked and reminded to wash their hands; 

-before leaving home and on arrival at school

-after using the toilet and after breaks and sporting activities 

-before food preparation and eating any food, including snacks 

-before leaving school


DfE Updates are communicated to staff and Parents/ Carers.





Letters to Parents/ Carers are sent home to explain specific symptoms and give advice.









If a student is feeling unwell they will be returned home or asked to be picked up by Parent/ Carer.



PPE is available at both sites.










We have a dedicated First Aid Room on both sites.


The room has a window and can be well ventilated.

First aid kits are situated in the Admin Office, Kitchen and all vehicles.










Reading monitored by SLT

















Staff are aware of protocol to follow in the event they feel unwell.








Specific guidance following procedures for Scarlet Fever and Strep A have been added to this RA. Following 2 cases of either of these diseases, UKHSA will be notified of an outbreak.


Procedures in place to monitor attendance and specifics of illness.









Clean using a product which combines detergent and disinfectant that is effective against both bacteria and viruses.  Manufacturers guidance should always be followed.  Disposable paper towels should be used.  A spillage kit should be used for bodily fluids like blood, vomit and urine.



Follow policy and procedures for recording first aid treatment and accident reporting.










Weekly Contract with Waste Disposal Company.
















































Cleaning records maintained and reviewed.



Cleaning products available upon request from SLT.








Regular monitoring in place.




Additional Information


This Risk Assessment is reviewed regularly by the Headteacher and School Business Manager.


Local Government/ UKHSA guidance will be followed in respect of any local outbreaks of infectious diseases

Roselyn House School / The RHISE Service will seek public health advice if necessary


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