lancashire sen school
lancashire sen school

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service


Personal Social Health Education, Culture, Citizenship and Community and Enterprise &Employability Curriculum Policy


Aims and objectives:

At Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service, we teach Personal, Social and Health education (PSHE) and Culture, Citizenship and Community (CCC) lessons at Key Stage 2 & 3 and PSHE, Culture, Citizenship and Community (CCC) and Enterprise and Employability (E&E) at Key Stage 4 & 5. This enables our students to become, independent and responsible members of society. We encourage our pupils to play a positive role in contributing to the life of the school and the wider community. In so doing we help develop their sense of self-worth. We teach them how society is organised and governed. We ensure that they experience the process of democracy in school through the school council. We teach them about rights and responsibilities. They learn to appreciate what it means to be a positive member of a diverse multicultural society. We aim for our students to become moral and employable members of society.


This policy should be read in conjunction with the school’s SMSC Policy, Safeguarding Policy, Online Safety Policy and Remote Learning Policy.


It has been written with reference to Planning your relationships, sex and health curriculum, DfE 24th September 2020 and follows the statutory curriculum guidance.


The aims of PSHE, CCC and E & E lessons are to:


  • Build on a sound PSHE Curriculum
  • Understand what makes for good relationships with others.
  • Develop a greater understanding of other Cultures.
  • Improve understanding of the world around them.
  • Have respect for others; be tolerant
  • Be independent and responsible members of the school community.
  • Develop self-confidence and self-esteem and make informed choices regarding personal and social issues.
  • Develop an open mind and acceptance of diversity
  • See how as individual they can fit into society
  • Develop positive employability skills
  • Develop individuals who have a moral understanding
  • Understand what it meant to be a positive member of the community both in school and the wider community
  • Broaden the future of a young person moving into adulthood
  • Develop good relationships with other members of the school and the wider community.
  • Understand democracy and the need for rules and laws.
  • Promote fundamental British values.
  • Develop understanding and respect of the importance of equality and understanding differences (including religion, belief, or sexual orientation).







Promoting British Values

The Department for Education state that there is a need “to create and enforce a clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.”


The government set out it definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy and these values were reiterated by the Prime Minister in 2014. At Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service these values are reinforced regularly and in the following ways.


Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service recognises that protection from extremism and radicalisation is a vital element of safeguarding.



Democracy is embedded at the school. Pupils are always listened to by adults and are taught to listen carefully and with concern to each other, respecting the right of every individual to have their opinions and voices heard. Pupils also can air their opinions and ideas through our school council and regular questionnaires. The elections of the school council members are based solely on pupil votes, reflecting our British electoral system, and demonstrating democracy in action.


The Rule of Law

The importance of laws whether they are those that govern the class, the school or the country, are consistently reinforced. We have whole school rules which are embedded in our work every day. Each class also discusses and sets its own rules that are clearly understood by all and seen to be necessary to ensure that every class member can learn in a safe and ordered environment. Our pupils are taught the value and reasons behind laws, that they govern and protect us, the responsibilities that this involves and the consequences when laws are broken. Individual Liberty Within school, pupils are actively encouraged to make choices, knowing that they are in a safe and supportive environment. As a school we educate and provide boundaries for our pupils to make choices safely, through the provision of a safe environment (physically and online) and an empowering education. Our pupils are encouraged to know, understand, and exercise their rights and personal freedoms and are advised how to exercise these safely; examples of this can be clearly seen in CCC, PSHE, target setting workshops and SEAL Lessons. Whether it is through choice of challenge; of how they record; of participation in our extra-curricular activities; our pupils are given the freedom to make choices. 


Mutual Respect

Respect is one of the core values of our school. Pupils know and understand that it is expected and imperative that respect is shown to everyone, whatever differences we may have and to everything, however big or small. The core value of Respect at Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service underpins our work every day both in and out of the classroom and online.


Tolerance of Those with Different Faiths and Beliefs

Our core value of Respect ensures tolerance of those who have different faiths and beliefs. Our school enhances pupils understanding of different faiths and beliefs through religious education studies; P.S.H.E. and CCC lessons; participation in celebrations from differing faiths; welcoming visitors from many differing faith groups and enjoying a depth of study during themed weeks. Beliefs, traditions, and customs are studied in depth, with visitors being invited into our school to enrich and extend understanding. Through this our pupils gain an enhanced understanding of their place in a culturally diverse society.


Protected Characteristics

The Public Sector Equality Duty (as set out in section 149 of the Equality Act 2010) requires all public authorities (including state-funded schools) in the exercise of their function, to have due regard to the need to:

  • Eliminate discrimination, harassment, victimisation, and any other conduct that is prohibited by or under the Equality Act.
  • Advance equality of opportunity between persons who share a relevant protected characteristic and persons who do not share it.
  • Foster good relations between persons who share a relevant protected characteristic and persons who do not share it.


Relevant protected characteristics are:

  • age
  • disability
  • gender reassignment
  • pregnancy and maternity
  • race
  • religion or belief
  • sex and sexual orientation


Pupils should leave school with a proper understanding of the importance of equality and respecting and understanding differences. This includes differences in religion, belief or sexual orientation.  The school curriculum (whereby sexual relationships/PSHE/SEAL is delivered) will include relevant information around the risks associated with CSE.


Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation

We at Roselyn House acknowledge that topics involving gender and biological sex can be complex and sensitive matters to navigate and therefore strive to not reinforce harmful stereotypes. 


All pupils should receive teaching on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBTQ+) relationships during their school years.  Secondary schools should include LGBTQ+ content in their teaching.  Primary schools are strongly encouraged, and enabled, when teaching about different types of family, to include families with same sex parents.


Stonewall Silver Award School Champions

Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service are proud to have achieved the stonewall silver award and are working towards gold award.  To achieve the awards staff and pupils must demonstrate the following criteria:

  • Pupils have age-appropriate lessons on different families, including LGBTQ+ families.
  • Pupils have age-appropriate lessons on celebrating difference, gender identity and gender stereotypes.
  • Pupils have had opportunities to discuss gender stereotypes.
  • Pupils learn about LGBTQ+ people.
  • Pupils have had multiple chances to discuss gender stereotypes.
  • The school holds events to celebrate equality and diversity such as: LGBTQ+ History Month, International Women’s Day or International Day of Non-Binary Visibility.
  • Different families, celebrating difference and gender diversity are embedded across the curriculum
  • RSE is inclusive of different types of relationships – including LGBTQ+ relationships - and gender identities.

Teaching and learning styles

We use a range of teaching and learning styles which clearly explain the knowledge, facts and concepts needed and pupils are provided with opportunities to recall the acquired knowledge, facts, and concepts to develop their understanding of topics. We place an emphasis on active learning by including students in discussions, investigations, and problem-solving activities. We encourage the students to take part in a range of practical activities that promote active citizenship, e.g. charity fundraising, the planning of school special events such as an assembly or open evening, or involvement in an activity to help other individuals or groups less fortunate than themselves. We organise classes in such a way that pupils can participate in discussion to resolve conflicts or set agreed classroom rules of behaviour. We offer children the opportunity to hear visiting speakers, such as health workers, police, and representatives from the local church, whom we invite into the school to talk about their role in creating a positive and supportive local community.    


Lessons are delivered in a non-judgemental factual way and allow scope for young people to ask questions in a safe environment.  All materials used align with the teaching requirements set out in statutory guidance. 


Effective Online Safety education is embedded across the curriculum, including PSHE.  It is important that Teachers identify and reference ways that online aspects of Safeguarding can be reinforced in their respective lesson planning and delivery. 


Roselyn House is a trauma sensitive school therefore emphasis is placed on developing a sensitive teaching style to ensure all pupils feel safe and supported in lessons and able to engage with key messages.  Teachers always seek to treat individual pupils with sympathy and support.


A pupil centred, whole school approach is taken with these subjects (PSHE, CCC and E & E) to support pupils to be safe, happy, and prepared for life beyond school. 


In the event of school closure remote learning will take place.  Remote learning will be reflected in schemes of work and lessons will be adapted to ensure that the curriculum remains fully accessible via remote learning, where practical. 


During periods of remote learning the school will maintain regular contact with parents/carers to reinforce the importance of staying safe online. Encouraging them to set age appropriate parental controls on devices and internet filters to block malicious websites and direct parents to useful resources to help them keep their children safe online. 



PSHE and curriculum planning

There is dedicated timetabled time for PSHE, CCC and E & E lessons to take place. Some of the time we introduce aspects of each course through other subjects, e.g. when teaching about local environmental issues in geography.


As there is a large overlap between the programme of study for religious education and the aims of PSHE and citizenship, we teach a considerable amount of religious education through our CCC lessons.


We also develop PSHE and citizenship through activities and whole-school events, e.g. the school council representatives from each class meet regularly to discuss matters.


Our teaching in PSHE and CCC matches the aim of developing a child’s personal, emotional and social development as set out in their Learning Support Plans and IEBP and compliments our SEAL programme.


At our school we teach PSHE and CCC to all students in Key Stage 2 & 3 and in Key Stage 4 & 5, PSHE, CCC and E & E, whatever their ability. PSHE, CCC and E & E forms part of the school curriculum policy to provide a broad and balanced education to all students. Through our PSHE and CCC teaching we provide learning opportunities that enable all pupils to make progress. We do this by setting suitable learning challenges and responding to each child’s different needs. We enable pupils to have access to the full range of activities involved in learning PSHE and CCC. Where children are to participate in activities outside the classroom (including remote learning, we carry out a risk assessment prior to the activity, to ensure that the activity is safe and appropriate for all pupils.  Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service take all reasonable precautions to ensure that users access only appropriate material.  However due to the international scale and linked nature of internet content, it is not possible to guarantee that unsuitable material will never appear on a school computer.  Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service cannot accept liability for the material accessed, or any consequences of internet access that is beyond the school’s current filtering system.


Due to the Covid-19 Pandemic, online learning has increased in its usage and become a part of the Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service’s Curriculum along with everyday use in school. Online safety is integrated into the curriculum for PSHE, CCC and E&E, pupils are supported to look at issues within online safety including ‘The 3 Cs Risk Matrix’ outlined in the Online Safety Policy.   




Roselyn House School and The RHISE Service are linked with Hope Flowers School and are members of The BIG Classroom.


Hope Flowers School, Bethlehem


Roselyn House and Hope Flowers are now linked schools and work on projects with our young people where they communicate with each other and take part in joint activities. This is very exciting for all students and helps them to feel a sense of self, understanding of others in the World and helps towards bridging a divide of our future generations; whilst fostering mutually beneficial and respectful friendships within those that don’t always feel that they can trust or be cared for.


We also share practice with Teachers and therapists in order to provide resources, ideas, suggestions and soundbites in attachment awareness and SEN Teaching methods. We have secured the help of translators for this too.


This is a great opportunity for both our schools and likeminded individuals, who through differing circumstances have the same passion and drive to improve the lives of future generations. It is our hope as an outcome of this project that we can raise awareness of the lack of Mental Health support in the UK and increase support/ acknowledgment of the work done at Hope Flowers, bringing young people together to break down barriers and encourage diversity, acceptance and positive communication. This allows our young people to become ethically aware and care about the well-being of others which in itself improves self-worth, dignity and confidence. It provides our young people with a belief in the future and gives them hope. 


The BIG Classroom


The BIG Classroom is an online community of thousands of schools across the UK who are dedicated to promoting tolerance and challenging stereotypes by giving a snapshot of their day to day lives at work, rest and play.


How does it work?

Each class has its own profile and blog page to upload photos and videos, giving a snapshot of themselves and their community at work, rest, play and worship.

Every half term we will be linked with 4 – 6 other schools chosen because they are contrasting in terms of culture, faith, ethnicity, community or location.


At regular intervals each class views their linked schools' updates, discuss what they see and can message the schools with questions to learn more about other communities.


Classes can make contact with their linked schools to arrange joint projects, such as email or traditional pen pals, video blogs, related topic work etc.


Our blog content will provide unequivocal evidence to demonstrate how our students' cultural awareness is being improved.


Each group can keep the same profile page throughout their school life and choose to remain linked with schools they enjoy working with. By the end of a full school career students will have made dozens of links throughout the UK, forging lasting relationships with students from cultures they would not otherwise encounter.


All of this takes place in a safe, secure and controlled online environment. Students can be educated in a real yet safe environment about the dangers and benefits of social networking and internet safety in general.


The BIG classroom targets key issues raised in OFSTED's school inspection handbook which will have an impact on a school's rating, particularly for promoting British values and implementing the Prevent strategy.


Assessment and recording

Teachers assess the children’s work in PSHE and citizenship both by making informal judgements as they observe them during lessons and by doing formal assessments of their work, measured against the objectives set. Students are assessed using Roselyn House School 1-9 Level Assessment. We have clear expectations of what the pupils will know, understand and be able to do at the end of each key stage and each topic. Teachers record the achievements of pupils in PSHE and citizenship in their mark books. We report these achievements to parents at the end of each term.

Students complete UAS Units of accreditation.


Monitoring and review

The PSHE and CCC subject leader is responsible for monitoring the standards of children’s work and the quality of teaching. The subject leader supports colleagues in the teaching of PSHE and CCC by giving them information about current developments in the subject and by providing a strategic lead and direction for the subject in the school.

  • Aspects of health and sex relationship education are included in the science programmes of study and physical education programme of study.
  • Aspects of citizenship education are included in the history and geography programmes of study and syllabuses at Key Stage 2 & 3.
  • In all national curriculum subjects, teachers are required to make effective Provision for all pupils.
  • Aspects of behavioural and discipline management are required by Section 154 of the 1996 Education Act.
  • Education Act 2002. All schools must provide a broad and balanced curriculum which:
  • Promotes the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental, and physical development of pupils.
  • Prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities, and experiences of later life.
  • Equality Act 2010.  Schools are free to include a full range of issues, ideas, and materials in their curriculum.  Schools are not required to equally weight all the protected characteristics within the curriculum


Relationship and Sex Education forms part of PSHE and Science curriculums. It is a statutory duty for schools to teach the subject matter and we follow guidance from DfE’s Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education Statutory guidance for governing bodies,  proprietors, head teachers, principals, senior leadership teams, teacher 2019.



Right to request withdrawal

Parents and carers have the right to request withdrawal from all or part of sex education. 


If parents or carers would like to make a request for withdrawal, they should contact Miss Damerall, the Headteacher via letter or email. 


Once a request is received correspondence will be made with parents and carers to:


  • discuss the background to their request
  • offer assurances about your school’s approach
  • set out the benefits of pupils accessing sex education in school


If invitation to a discussion is declined, the request for withdrawal will still be the process in line with normal procedures. 


If parents or carers still want withdrawal after such a discussion, unless there are exceptional circumstances, parents and carers’ request should be granted until 3 terms before the pupil turns 16. For example, if the pupil’s 16th birthday is in February of year 11, that point would be February in year 10.


At that point, if the pupil wishes to be taught sex education, you must ensure they receive it in one of those 3 terms and continue to be taught it while the child remains in school.

A record of all discussions with parents, carers and pupils concerning the right to withdraw, exceptions and decisions not to grant it will be kept and where possible shared with parents and carers to make sure all parties are clear about the decisions. 


Parents and carers cannot withdraw their child from:


  • Relationships education
  • Health education
  • National curriculum science



  • Identity (their personal qualities, attitudes, skills, attributes and achievements and what influences these)
  • Relationships (including different types and in different settings)
  • A healthy (including physically, emotionally, and socially) balanced lifestyle (including within relationships, work-life, exercise, and rest, spending, and saving and diet)
  • Risk (identification, assessment and how to manage risk rather than simply the avoidance of risk for self and others) and physical, emotional, and online safety (including behaviour and strategies to employ in different settings)
  • Diversity and equality (in all its forms)
  • Rights (including the notion of universal human rights), responsibilities (including fairness and justice) and consent (in different contexts)
  • Change (as something to be managed) and resilience (the skills, strategies and ‘inner resources’ we can draw on when faced with challenging change or circumstance)
  • Power (how it is used and encountered in a variety of contexts including persuasion, bullying, negotiation and ‘win-win’ outcomes)
  • Career (including enterprise, employability, and economic understanding)
  • what is meant by a healthy lifestyle?
  • how to maintain physical, mental, and emotional health and wellbeing
  • how to manage risks to physical and emotional health and wellbeing
  • ways of keeping physically and emotionally safe (including online safety)
  • about managing change, including puberty, transition, and loss
  • how to make informed choices about health and wellbeing and to recognise sources of help with this
  • how to respond in an emergency
  • to identify different influences on health and wellbeing

Programme of Study for Relationships Pupils should be taught:

  • how to develop and maintain a variety of healthy relationships, within a range of social/cultural contexts
  • how to recognise and manage emotions within a range of relationships
  • how to recognise risky or negative relationships including all forms of bullying and abuse
  • how to respond to risky or negative relationships and ask for help
  • how to respect equality and diversity in relationships.
  • about respect for self and others and the importance of responsible behaviours and actions
  • about rights and responsibilities as members of families, other groups and ultimately as citizens
  • about different groups and communities
  • to respect equality and to be a productive member of a diverse community
  • about the importance of respecting and protecting the environment
  • about where money comes from, keeping it safe and the importance of managing it effectively
  • how money plays an important part in people’s lives and a basic understanding of enterprise.

Citizenship and Community

Developing confidence and responsibility and making the most of their abilities Pupils should be taught:

  1. to talk and write about their opinions, and explain their views, on issues that affect themselves and society.
  2. to recognise their worth as individuals by identifying positive things about themselves and their achievements, seeing their mistakes, making amends, and setting personal goals.
  3. to face new challenges positively by collecting information, looking for help, making responsible choices, and acting.
  4. to recognise, as they approach puberty, how people's emotions change at that time and how to deal with their feelings towards themselves, their family, and others in a positive way.
  5. about the range of jobs carried out by people they know, and to understand how they can develop skills to make their own contribution in the future.
  6. to look after their money and realise that future wants, and needs may be met through saving.

Preparing to play an active role as citizens Pupils should be taught:

  1. to research, discuss and debate topical issues, problems, and events.
  2. why and how rules and laws are made and enforced, why different rules are needed in different situations and how to take part in making and changing rules.
  3. to realise the consequences of anti-social and aggressive behaviours, such as bullying and racism, on individuals and communities.
  4. that there are different kinds of responsibilities, rights, and duties at home, at school and in the community, and that these can sometimes conflict with each other.
  5. to reflect on spiritual, moral, social, and cultural issues, using imagination to understand other people's experiences.
  6. to resolve differences by looking at alternatives, making decisions and explaining choices.
  7. what democracy is, and about the basic institutions that support it locally and nationally.
  8. to recognise the role of voluntary, community and pressure groups.
  9. to appreciate the range of national, regional, religious, and ethnic identities in the United Kingdom.
  10. that resources can be allocated in different ways and that these economic choices affect individuals, communities, and the sustainability of the environment.
  11. to explore how the media present information.


Developing a healthy, safer lifestyle

Pupils should be taught:

  1. what makes a healthy lifestyle, including the benefits of exercise and healthy eating, what affects mental health, and how to make informed choices.
  2. that bacteria and viruses can affect health and that following simple, safe routines can reduce their spread.
  3. about how the body changes as they approach puberty.
  4. which commonly available substances and drugs are legal and illegal, their effects and risks
  5. to recognise the different risks in different situations and then decide how to behave responsibly, including online safety, sensible road use, and judging what kind of physical contact is acceptable or unacceptable.
  6. that pressure to behave in an unacceptable or risky way can come from a variety of sources, including people they know, and how to ask for help and use basic techniques for resisting pressure to do wrong; (including online safety)
  7. school rules about health and safety, basic emergency aid procedures and where to get help.


Developing good relationships and respecting the differences between people

Pupils should be taught:

  1. that their actions affect themselves and others, to care about other people's feelings and to try to see things from their points of view.
  2. to think about the lives of people living in other places and times, and people with different values and customs.
  3. to be aware of different types of relationship, including marriage and those between friends and families, and to develop the skills to be effective in relationships.
  4. to realise the nature and consequences of racism, teasing, bullying and aggressive behaviours, and how to respond to them and ask for help.
  5. to recognise and challenge stereotypes.
  6. that differences and similarities between people arise from several factors, including cultural, ethnic, racial, and religious diversity, gender and disability.
  7. where individuals, families and groups can get help and support. Breadth of opportunities

During the key stage, pupils should be taught the knowledge, skills and understanding through opportunities to:

  1. take responsibility (for example, for planning and looking after the school environment; for the needs of others, such as by acting as a peer supporter, as a befriender, or as a playground mediator for younger pupils; for looking after animals properly; for identifying safe, healthy and sustainable means of travel when planning their journey to school);
  2. feel positive about themselves (for example, by producing personal diaries, profiles, and portfolios of achievements; by having opportunities to show what they can do and how much responsibility they can take).
  3. participate (for example, in the school's decision-making process, relating it to democratic structures and processes such as councils, parliaments, government and voting).
  4. make real choices and decisions (for example, about issues affecting their health and wellbeing such as smoking; on the use of scarce resources; how to spend money, including pocket money and contributions to charities).
  5. meet and talk with people (for example, people who contribute to society through environmental pressure groups or international aid organisations; people who work in the school and the neighbourhood, such as religious leaders, community police officers);
  6. develop relationships through work and play (for example, taking part in activities with groups that have needs, such as children with special needs and the elderly, communicating with children in other countries by satellite, email, or letters).
  7. consider social and moral dilemmas that they come across in life (for example, encouraging respect and understanding between different races and dealing with harassment).
  8. find information and advice (for example, through helplines; by understanding about welfare systems in society).
  9. prepare for change (for example, transferring to secondary school.)



  • Christianity
  • Hinduism
  • Islam
  • Judaism
  • Sikhism
  • Morals and Ethics




  • how to manage transition
  • how to maintain physical, mental, and emotional health and wellbeing including sexual health*
  • about parenthood and the consequences of teenage pregnancy
  • how to assess and manage risks to health and to stay, and keep others, safe (physical, emotional, and online)
  • how to identify and access help, advice, and support how to make informed choices about health and wellbeing matters including drugs, alcohol, and tobacco; maintaining a balanced diet; physical activity; emotional health and wellbeing and sexual health
  • how to respond in an emergency including administering first aid
  • the role and influence of the media on lifestyle.



Programme of Study for relationships

Pupils should be taught:

  1. how to develop and maintain a variety of healthy relationships within a range of social/cultural contexts and to develop parenting skills
  2. how to recognise and manage emotions within a range of relationships
  3. how to deal with risky or negative relationships including all forms of bullying (including the distinct challenges posed by online bullying) and abuse, sexual and other violence, and online encounters
  4. about the concept of consent in a variety of contexts (including in sexual relationships)
  5. about managing loss including bereavement, separation, and divorce
  6. to respect equality and be a productive member of a diverse community
  7. how to identify and access appropriate advice and support

Pupils should be taught:

  1. about rights and responsibilities as members of diverse communities, as active citizens, and participants in the local and national economy
  2. how to make informed choices and be enterprising and ambitious
  3. how to develop employability, team working and leadership skills and develop flexibility and resilience
  4. about the economic and business environment
  5. how personal financial choices can affect oneself and others and about rights and responsibilities as consumers


Citizenship and community

  • Teaching should develop pupils’ understanding of democracy, government and the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Pupils should use and apply their knowledge and understanding whilst developing skills to research and interrogate evidence, debate, and evaluate viewpoints, present reasoned arguments and take informed action. Pupils should be taught about:
  • the development of the political system of democratic government in the United Kingdom, including the roles of citizens, Parliament, and the monarch
  • the operation of Parliament, including voting and elections, and the role of political parties
  • the precious liberties enjoyed by the citizens of the United Kingdom
  • the nature of rules and laws and the justice system, including the role of the police and the operation of courts and tribunals
  •  the roles played by public institutions and voluntary groups in society, and the ways in which citizens work together to improve their communities, including opportunities to participate in school-based activities
  • the functions and uses of money, the importance and practice of budgeting, and managing risk.




  • Beliefs
  • Global issues
  • Practices and belonging
  • Relationship and lifestyle
  • Ethics
  • Media
  • Science and religion


KS4 & 5


  • Personal Action Planning
  • Drugs Education
  • Sex and Relationship Education
  • Personal Finance 
  • Emotional Wellbeing
  • Healthy Lifestyles
  • Making Informed Career Choices
  • Applying for Jobs and Courses
  • Relationships, Behaviour and Practices in the Workplace
  • Personal Safety (physical, emotional, and online)
  • Being a Critical Consumer
  • Introduction to Diversity, Prejudice and Discrimination


Citizenship and Community (taught within PSHE and E & E)

Teaching should build on the key stage 3 programme of study to deepen pupils’ understanding of democracy, government and the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Pupils should develop their skills to be able to use a range of research strategies, weigh up evidence, make persuasive arguments and substantiate their conclusions. They should experience and evaluate different ways that citizens can act together to solve problems and contribute to society.

Pupils should be taught about:

  • parliamentary democracy and the key elements of the constitution of the United Kingdom, including the power of government, the role of citizens and Parliament in holding those in power to account, and the different roles of the executive, legislature and judiciary and a free press
  • the different electoral systems used in and beyond the United Kingdom and actions citizens can take in democratic and electoral processes to influence decisions locally, nationally, and beyond
  • other systems and forms of government, both democratic and non-democratic, beyond the United Kingdom Citizenship
  • local, regional, and international governance and the United Kingdom’s relations with the rest of Europe, the Commonwealth, the United Nations and the wider world
  • human rights and international law
  • the legal system in the UK, different sources of law and how the law helps society deal with complex problems
  • diverse national, regional, religious, and ethnic identities in the United Kingdom and the need for mutual respect and understanding
  • the different ways in which a citizen can contribute to the improvement of his or her community, to include the opportunity to participate actively in community volunteering, as well as other forms of responsible activity
  • income and expenditure, credit and debt, insurance, savings and pensions, financial products and services, and how public money is raised and spent.


E & E

Enterprise capability Students must know and understand different definitions of enterprise capability applicable to business contexts (making and selling) social contexts (non-profit focused interaction of individuals or groups) environmental contexts, eg recycling schemes. Enterprise capability should be understood as the ability to handle uncertainty and respond positively to change, to create and implement new ideas and ways of doing things, to make reasonable risk/reward assessments and act upon them in one’s personal and working life. Students must also understand that enterprise capability is supported by financial capability defined as the ability to manage one’s own finances and to become questioning and informed customers of financial services. Students must also be able to make informed choices in business, social and environmental contexts to make the most of available resources.

The enterprise process Students must know, understand and be able to apply the four stages of the enterprise process.


These are: -

Stage 1: identification and description of the problem/need/opportunity and the generation of ideas on how to address it

Stage 2: plan the enterprise project or activity

Stage 3: implementation of the enterprise project or activity

Stage 4: evaluation of the enterprise project or activity.


Stage 1: Identification and description of a problem/need/opportunity and the generation of ideas on how to address it. Students must be able to know how to generate ideas on how to tackle different problems and/or meet different needs in business and social contexts. Some of these problems may have more than one focus and students should understand the interrelationships of the key aspects. Students must understand the principles and applications of a range of methods, including brainstorming and lateral thinking that are used to develop the range of ideas. They must also understand that each idea should be logically evaluated to determine the likelihood of success. Students must understand the concept of mind mapping and how it can be used to show links between ideas and how this can then be used to develop an effective enterprise plan. Students must know and understand the role of research methods, including the use of ICT and the World Wide Web in developing ideas. Students must also understand the role of individuals and groups as both sources of support when developing enterprise ideas, and for sounding out the diversity of opinions relevant to those ideas. Students should be aware that this leads to a greater range and improved quality of ideas which are more suited to meet the demands of the task.


Stage 2: Plan the enterprise project or activity Students must be able to construct and fully explain, reason, and justify the following points where applicable. How to: plan an enterprise effectively using financial capability and economic/business understanding break down tasks into achievable goals in order to increase the likelihood of success plan for an organised and creative use of resources including time, materials, equipment and technology evaluate the skills of individuals and use these to deploy team members when developing an enterprise. Thus, each team member becomes responsible for achieving specific tasks, which enables them to develop individual skills and attributes and also increases the chances of success of the enterprise. This is within an organisational structure that must be developed and agreed evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of team members and use this evaluation to allocate appropriate roles to increase the chances of success set appropriate timescales and milestones apply SMART targets, SWOT analyses and PEST analyses (political, economic, social and technological) identify target audiences and present the enterprise idea appropriately cost the plan to include: sources of finance calculation of costs, revenues and financial viability in terms of fixed, variable and total costs and price, total revenue and profit if appropriate set the budget to include: income, expenditure and profit a cash flow forecast conduct a suitable risk assessment (in the context of both success/failure and health and safety) before starting an enterprise activity set appropriate achievable criteria related to the goals of the enterprise project or activity use appropriate advertising and branding develop a marketing implementation strategy to include where appropriate: methods of primary and secondary market research qualitative and quantitative research size and types of sampling (random, quota and stratified) interview techniques incorporating an awareness of interviewer bias market analysis (to include scale of demand and target audience) opportunity cost analysis take appropriate legal, regulatory and ethical aspects into account including: copyright, patents and trademarks health and safety the Equality Act 2010 ethical aspects of the enterprise, e.g. sustainability, fair trade, corporate and social responsibility.


Stage 3: Implementation of the enterprise project or activity Students must know and understand that: for enterprise activities to be successful they must be carried out efficiently, effectively, lawfully and with due regard to health and safety plans rarely remain unchanged when being implemented and that during an enterprise project or activity the following may need monitoring and amending where appropriate: plans deadlines cash flow profit and loss SMART targets any amendments made need to be described and the reasons for them explained decision-making should be flexible, responsive and timely perseverance and a can-do attitude are necessary for successfully establishing and developing enterprise projects or activities running over an extended period of time many personal employability skills and attributes are needed and will be developed when driving enterprise projects or activities.

Stage 4: Evaluation of the enterprise project or activity Students are required to know how to evaluate the effectiveness of an enterprise project or activity. Students must be able to: review activities undertaken review final outcomes against achievement criteria reflect on lessons learnt during the process make reasoned suggestions for improvement assess skills (transferable and non-transferable) and attributes developed and acquired, and how they might enhance employability.











Reviewed by S.Damerall, K.Holmes and J.Birkenhead  May 2021








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